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**Integral polynomials with small discriminants and resultants**375 KB, PDF-document

Journal | Advances in Mathematics |
---|---|

Date | Accepted/In press - 21 Apr 2016 |

Date | E-pub ahead of print - 9 May 2016 |

Date | Published (current) - 6 Aug 2016 |

Volume | 298 |

Number of pages | 20 |

Pages (from-to) | 393-412 |

Early online date | 9/05/16 |

Original language | English |

Let n∈N be fixed, Q>1 be a real parameter and Pn(Q) denote the set of polynomials over Z of degree n and height at most Q. In this paper we investigate the following counting problems regarding polynomials with small discriminant D(P) and pairs of polynomials with small resultant R(P
_{1}, P
_{2}):(i)given 0≤v≤n-1 and a sufficiently large Q, estimate the number of polynomials P∈Pn(Q) such that0<|D(P)|≤Q
^{2n-2-2v}; (ii)given 0≤w≤n and a sufficiently large Q, estimate the number of pairs of polynomials P1,P2∈Pn(Q) such that0<|R(P1,P2)|≤Q
^{2n-2w}. Our main results provide lower bounds within the context of the above problems. We believe that these bounds are best possible as they correspond to the solutions of naturally arising linear optimisation problems. Using a counting result for the number of rational points near planar curves due to R. C. Vaughan and S. Velani we also obtain the complementary optimal upper bound regarding the discriminants of quadratic polynomials.

© 2016, Authors

- Algebraic numbers, Counting discriminants and resultants of polynomials, Metric theory of Diophantine approximation, Polynomial root separation

## Programme Grant-New Frameworks in metric Number Theory

Project: Research

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