With the increasing restriction and control of hazardous solvents, safer alternatives need to be identified. Here a contemporary approach to solvent selection and substitution is presented that offers a more scientific alternative to the simple “like-for-like” exchange. A new family of levoglucosenonederived compounds is proposed, modeled to determine their solvent properties, synthesized, and tested. These new molecules show promise as replacements for polar aprotic solvents that have chronic toxicity issues, such as dichloromethane, nitrobenzene, and N-methylpyrrolidinone. The success of this approach makes it possible for academia and industry to make calculated, intelligent choices for solvent substitution in the future.
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- green chemistry
- molecular modeling
- solvent effects