Interdependencies of urban climate change impacts and adaptation strategies: A case study of Metropolitan Boston USA

Paul Kirshen*, Matthias Ruth, William Anderson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An analysis of the interdependencies of the impacts of climate change and adaptation strategies upon infrastructure systems in the Metro Boston urban area in the northeastern USA found that taking anticipatory actions well before 2050 results in less total adaptation and impact costs to the region than taking no actions. Because of the interrelations among infrastructure systems, it is critical to take account of the impacts that adaptation actions have on each other and other systems. For the most part these cross-system effects are complementary in nature. But there are important exceptions, so an integrated approach to adaptation policy formulation is needed. Furthermore, adaptation efforts must be designed so as not to confound mitigation efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-122
Number of pages18
JournalClimatic change
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

Cite this