Intermediate-spin iron(IV)-oxido species with record reactivity

Peter Comba, George Nunn, Frederik Scherz, Paul H Walton

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The nonheme iron(IV)-oxido complex trans-N3-[(L1)FeIVO(Cl)]+, where L1 is a derivative of the tetradentate bispidine 2,4-di(pyridine-2-yl)-3,7-diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-1-one, has an S = 1 electronic ground state and is the most reactive nonheme iron model system known so far, of a similar order of reactivity as nonheme iron enzymes (C-H abstraction of cyclohexane, -90 °C (propionitrile), t1/2 = 3.5 s). The reaction with cyclohexane selectively leads to chlorocyclohexane, but "cage escape" at the [(L1)FeIII(OH)(Cl)]+/cyclohexyl radical intermediate lowers the productivity. Ligand field theory is used herein to analyze the d-d transitions of [(L1)FeIVO(X)]n+ (X = Cl-, Br-, MeCN) in comparison with the thoroughly characterized ferryl complex of tetramethylcyclam (TMC = L2; [(L2)FeIVO(MeCN)]2+). The ligand field parameters and d-d transition energies are shown to provide important information on the triplet-quintet gap and its correlation with oxidation reactivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-244
Early online date8 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022

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