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Investigating affect in algorithmic composition systems

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • Duncan Williams
  • Alexis Kirke
  • Eduardo R Miranda
  • Etienne Roesch
  • Ian Daly
  • Slawomir Nasuto


Publication details

JournalPsychology of Music
DatePublished - 15 Aug 2014
Issue number6
Number of pages24
Pages (from-to)831-854
Original languageEnglish


There has been a significant amount of work implementing systems for algorithmic composition with the intention of targeting specific emotional responses in the listener, but a full review of this work is not currently available. This gap creates a shared obstacle to those entering the field. Our aim is thus to give an overview of progress in the area of these affectively driven systems for algorithmic composition. Performative and transformative systems are included and differentiated where appropriate, highlighting the challenges these systems now face if they are to be adapted to, or have already incorporated, some form of affective control. Possible real-time applications for such systems, utilizing affectively driven algorithmic composition and biophysical sensing to monitor and induce affective states in the listener are suggested.

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