By the same authors

From the same journal

Investigating game attention using the Distraction Recognition Paradigm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



Publication details

JournalBehaviour & Information Technology
DateAccepted/In press - 5 Nov 2020
DateE-pub ahead of print (current) - 28 Nov 2020
Number of pages22
Early online date28/11/20
Original languageEnglish


Digital games are well known for holding players’ attention and stopping them from being distracted by events around them. Being able to quantify how well games hold attention provides a behavioral foundation for measures of game engagement and a link to existing research on attention. We developed a new behavioral measure of how well games hold attention, based on players’ post-game recognition of irrelevant distractors which are shown around the game. This is known as the Distractor Recognition Paradigm (DRP). In two studies we show that the DRP is an effective measure of how well self-paced games hold attention. We show that even simple self-paced games can hold players’ attention completely and the consistency of attentional focus is moderated by game engagement. We compare the DRP to existing measures of both attention and engagement and consider how practical it is as a measure of game engagement. We find no evidence that eye tracking is a superior measure of attention to distractor recognition. We discuss existing research on attention and consider implications for areas such as motivation to play and serious games.

Bibliographical note

© 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.

    Research areas

  • Games, Attention, Game Experience, Distraction, Self-paced game

Discover related content

Find related publications, people, projects, datasets and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations