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Isoscalar monopole and dipole transitions in Mg 24, Mg 26, and Si 28

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  • P. Adsley
  • V. O. Nesterenko
  • M. Kimura
  • L. M. Donaldson
  • R. Neveling
  • J. W. Brümmer
  • D. G. Jenkins
  • N. Y. Kheswa
  • J. Kvasil
  • K. C.W. Li
  • D. J. Marín-Lámbarri
  • Z. Mabika
  • P. Papka
  • L. Pellegri
  • V. Pesudo
  • B. Rebeiro
  • P. G. Reinhard
  • F. D. Smit
  • W. Yahia-Cherif


Publication details

JournalPhysical Review C
DateAccepted/In press - 17 Mar 2021
DatePublished (current) - 19 Apr 2021
Issue number4
Original languageEnglish


Background: Nuclei in the sd shell demonstrate a remarkable interplay of cluster and mean-field phenomena. The N=Z nuclei, such as Mg24 and Si28, have been the focus of the theoretical study of both phenomena in the past. A variety of different cluster structures in these nuclei are predicted, characterized by isoscalar dipole and monopole transitions. For example, low-energy isoscalar vortical dipole states were predicted in Mg24. The cluster and vortical mean-field phenomena can be probed by excitation of isoscalar monopole and dipole states in scattering of isoscalar particles such as deuterons or α particles. Purpose: We investigate, both experimentally and theoretically, the isoscalar dipole IS1 and monopole IS0 strengths in three essentially different light nuclei with different properties: stiff prolate Mg24, soft prolate Mg26, and soft oblate Si28. We analyze possible manifestations of clustering and vorticity in these nuclei. Methods: Inelastically scattered α particles were momentum analyzed in the K600 magnetic spectrometer at iThemba LABS, Cape Town, South Africa. The scattered particles were detected in two multiwire drift chambers and two plastic scintillators placed at the focal plane of the K600. In the theoretical discussion, the Skyrme quasiparticle random-phase approximation (QRPA) and antisymmetrized molecular dynamics + generator coordinate method (AMD+GCM) were used. Results: A number of isoscalar monopole and dipole transitions were observed in the nuclei studied. Using this information, suggested structural assignments have been made for the various excited states. IS1 and IS0 strengths obtained within QRPA and AMD+GCM are compared with the experimental data. The QRPA calculations lead us to conclude that (i) the mean-field vorticity appears mainly in dipole states with K=1, (ii) the dipole (monopole) states should have strong deformation-induced octupole (quadrupole) admixtures, and (iii) near the α-particle threshold there should exist a collective state with K=0 for prolate nuclei and K=1 for oblate nuclei, with an impressive octupole strength. The results of the AMD+GCM calculations suggest that some observed states may have a mixed (mean-field + cluster) character or correspond to particular cluster configurations. Conclusion: A tentative correspondence between observed states and theoretical states from QRPA and AMD+GCM was established. The QRPA and AMD+GCM analysis shows that low-energy isoscalar dipole states combine cluster and mean-field properties. The QRPA calculations show that the low-energy vorticity is well localized in Mg24, fragmented in Mg26, and absent in Si28.

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank the Accelerator Group at iThemba LABS for the high-quality dispersion-matched beam provided for this experiment. P.A. acknowledges support from the Claude Leon Foundation in the form of a postdoctoral fellowship, and thanks M. N. Harakeh for providing the belgen and fermden codes and helpful advice regarding the DWBA calculations, and Josef Cseh for useful discussions concerning . R.N. acknowledges support from the NRF through Grant No. 85509. V.O.N. and J.K. thank Dr. A. Repko for the QRPA code. The work was partly supported by the Votruba-Blokhintsev (Czech Republic–BLTP JINR) grant (V.O.N. and J.K.) and a grant of the Czech Science Agency, Project No. 19-14048S (J.K.). V.O.N. and P.G.R. appreciate the Heisenberg-Landau grant (Germany - BLTP JINR).

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