In ancient Roman religion and myth, Janus is the god of beginnings, gates, transitions, time, duality, doorways, passages, frames, and endings. He is usually depicted as having two faces looking in opposite directions, one towards the past and the other towards the future. This article is dedicated to Professor BK Sadashiva for his contributions to the science of liquid crystals, and new beginnings in the design and creation of mesomorphic materials. In the studies of metallomesogens based on copper(II) complexes of β-diketones, Ohta and his colleagues reported the first-established discotic-lamellar phase, in which the board-like complexes are able to form lamellar packing arrangements, and at the same time stacking into columns. Casagrande et al. later prepared synthetically modified beads with one hemisphere being hydrophobic and the other hydrophilic. These particles were considered to be amphiphilic solids, and called Janus Beads. Synthetic Janus Mesogens with supermolecular architectures having one chiral nematic hemisphere and the other with smectic tendencies were made in 2003. These complexes, particles, and supermolecules, were termed Janus to describe the structure of the material. In this article we use Janus liquid crystals to describe a material that combines two different packing motifs in a single uniform phase structure.
Bibliographical note© 2021 The Author(s).