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From the same journal

Land use patterns and influences of protected areas on mangroves of the Eastern Tropical Pacific

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Publication details

JournalBiological Conservation
DateAccepted/In press - 24 Aug 2018
DateE-pub ahead of print - 8 Sep 2018
DatePublished (current) - Nov 2018
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)82-91
Early online date8/09/18
Original languageEnglish


Mangroves are one of the most productive ecosystems in the world, sustaining millions of coastal livelihoods. However, their area of occurrence has been greatly reduced over the last century. In this study, we identify potential drivers of land use and land cover change adjacent to mangroves on the Pacific shorelines of Colombia, Panama and Costa Rica. We also evaluate the effectiveness of protected areas at halting mangrove deforestation between 2000 and 2012. Across all countries, agriculture was the most dominant land use type adjacent to mangroves, inside and outside protected areas. Results show that a combined total of 564 ha were lost, representing an average loss rate of only 0.02% per year. 75% of the total mangrove loss occurred in locations outside protected areas, with only 138 ha cleared from inside protected areas. Results suggest current conservation policies for mangrove protection in the study countries are effective at reducing deforestation and set a positive example for regions where mangroves are in decline.

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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy.

    Research areas

  • Agriculture, Aquaculture, Coastal development, Land-cover change, Land-use change, Wetland

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