Language-specific perspectives in reference to time in the discourse of Czech, English and Hungarian speakers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Author(s)

Department/unit(s)

Publication details

Title of host publicationSpace and Time in Languages and Cultures: Linguistic diversity
DatePublished - 2012
Pages135-156
Number of pages21
PublisherJohn Benjamins
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
EditorsLuna Filipović, Katarzyna Jaszczolt
Original languageEnglish
ISBN (Electronic)9789027273611
ISBN (Print)9789027223906

Publication series

NameHuman Cognitive Processing 36
PublisherJohn Benjamins

Abstract

This chapter investigates patterns exhibited in the way native speakers of Czech, English, and Hungarian organise temporal information for the expression of events in context. Cross-linguistic contrasts have been identified with respect to four discourse dimensions: levels of granularity, degrees of condensation, preferred topic time management techniques, as well as selected event perspectivation frames. Through the analyses of film retellings and written picture descriptions, comparable language-specific patterns surfaced across modalities and task types. Observed systematic differences in event construal support the idea of language-specificity in the processes of time perspectivation. It is claimed that perspectivation contrasts stem from differences in the linguistic means that are available for encoding temporality in particular languages, and emerge as a result of minimising ambiguity.

    Research areas

  • temporal reference, topic time management, event construal, condensation, perspectivation, granularity

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