By the same authors

From the same journal

From the same journal

Limited effects from professional identity formation-oriented intervention on self-regulated learning in a preclinical setting: a randomized-controlled study in Japan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Yasushi Matsuyama
  • Motoyuki Nakaya
  • Jimmie Leppink
  • Cees Van der Vleuten
  • Yoshikazu Asada
  • Adam Jon Lebowitz
  • Teppei Sasahara
  • Yuta Yamamoto
  • Masami Matsumura
  • Akira Gomi
  • Shizukiyo Ishikawa
  • Hitoaki Okazaki


Publication details

JournalBMC Medical Education
DateAccepted/In press - 16 Dec 2020
DatePublished (current) - 7 Jan 2021
Number of pages9
Original languageEnglish


Developing self-regulated learning in preclinical settings is important for future lifelong learning. Previous studies indicate professional identity formation, i.e., formation of self-identity with internalized values and norms of professionalism, might promote self-regulated learning. We designed a professional identity formation-oriented reflection and learning plan format, then tested effectiveness on raising self-regulated learning in a preclinical year curriculum.

A randomized controlled crossover trial was conducted using 112 students at Jichi Medical University. In six one-day problem-based learning sessions in a 7-month pre-clinical year curriculum, Groups A (n = 56, female 18, mean age 21.5y ± 0.7) and B (n = 56, female 11, mean age 21.7y ± 1.0) experienced professional identity formation-oriented format: Group A had three sessions with the intervention format in the first half, B in the second half. Between-group identity stages and self-regulated learning levels were compared using professional identity essays and the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire.

Two-level regression analyses showed no improvement in questionnaire categories but moderate improvement of professional identity stages over time (R2 = 0.069), regardless of timing of intervention.

Professional identity moderately forms during the pre-clinical year curriculum. However, neither identity nor self-regulated learning is raised significantly by limited intervention.

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s) 2021

Discover related content

Find related publications, people, projects, datasets and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations