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Locke and his influence

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Title of host publicationThe Oxford handbook of British philosophy in the eighteenth century
DatePublished - 3 Oct 2013
Pages21-40
PublisherOxford University Press
Place of PublicationOxford
EditorsJames Harris
Original languageEnglish
ISBN (Print)978-0-19-954902-3

Publication series

NameOxford Handbooks in Philosophy
PublisherOxford University Press

Abstract

This essay argues that a good deal of eighteenth century British philosophy can be seen, without manifest distortion, as a single sequence of thought that developed in response to questions raised in and by Locke’s philosophy. The essay traces that sequence across several areas of thought, paying particular attention to debates about the nature of ideas, thinking matter, personal identity, the soul, morality, the relations of church and state, toleration, and the place of Christianity in the polity. It distinguishes some of the roles played by Locke in eighteenth century philosophy and emphasises the range of contrasting uses to which he was put by his successors, from Berkeley, Hume, Smith, and Reid, to Toland, Tindal, and Priestley. In doing so it shows the continuing importance of Locke to any adequate understanding of British
philosophy in the eighteenth century.

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