Long-lived nuclear spin states far from magnetic equivalence

Gabriele Stevanato, Soumya Singha Roy, Joe Hill-Cousins, Ilya Kuprov, Lynda J. Brown, Richard C D Brown, Giuseppe Pileio, Malcolm H. Levitt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Clusters of coupled nuclear spins may form long-lived nuclear spin states, which interact weakly with the environment, compared to ordinary nuclear magnetization. All experimental demonstrations of longlived states have so far involved spin systems which are close to the condition of magnetic equivalence, in which the network of spin-spin couplings is conserved under all pair exchanges of symmetry-related nuclei. We show that the four-spin system of trans-[2,3-13C2]-but-2-enedioate exhibits a long-lived nuclear spin state, even though this spin system is very far from magnetic equivalence. The 4-spin longlived state is accessed by slightly asymmetric chemical substitutions of the centrosymmetric molecular core. The long-lived state is a consequence of the locally centrosymmetric molecular geometry for the trans isomer, and is absent for the cis isomer. A general group theoretical description of long-lived states is presented. It is shown that the symmetries of coherent and incoherent interactions are both important for the existence of long-lived states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5913-5922
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Issue number8
Early online date23 Jan 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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