Loving the mess: Navigating diversity and conflict in social values for sustainability

Jasper Onno Kenter, Christopher M. Raymond, Carena J. van Riper, Elaine Azzopardi, Michelle R. Brear, Fulvia Calcagni, Michael Christie, Anne Fordham, Rachelle K. Gould, Christopher D. Ives, Adam Peter Hejnowicz, Richard Gunton, Andra-Ioana Horcea-Milcu, Dave Kendal, Jakub Kronenberg, Julian R. Massenberg, Seb O'Connor, Neil Ravenscroft, Andrea Rawluk, Ivan J. RaymondJorge Rodriquez-Morales, Samarthia Thankappan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper concludes a special feature of Sustainability Science that explores a broad range of social value theoretical traditions, such as religious studies, social psychology, indigenous knowledge, economics, sociology, and philosophy. We introduce a novel transdisciplinary conceptual framework that revolves around concepts of ‘lenses’ and ‘tensions’ to help navigate value diversity. First, we consider the notion of lenses: perspectives on value and valuation along diverse dimensions that describe what values focus on, how their sociality is envisioned, and what epistemic and procedural assumptions are made. We characterise fourteen of such dimensions. This provides a foundation for exploration of seven areas of tension, between: 1) the values of individuals vs collectives; 2) values as discrete and held vs embedded and constructed; 3) value as static or changeable; 4) valuation as descriptive vs normative and transformative; 5) social vs relational values; 6) different rationalities and their relation to value integration; 7) degrees of acknowledgment of the role of power in navigating value conflicts. In doing so, we embrace the ‘mess’ of diversity, yet also provide a framework to organize this mess and support and encourage active transdisciplinary collaboration. We identify key research areas where such collaborations can be harnessed for sustainability transformation. Here it is crucial to understand how certain social value lenses are privileged over others and build capacity in decision-making for understanding and drawing on multiple value, epistemic and procedural lenses.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1439–1461
Number of pages23
JournalSustainability Science
Issue number5
Early online date24 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sept 2019

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s) 2019


  • shared values; relational values; environmental values; knowledge brokering; epistemology; interdisciplinarity; ecosystem services; nature’s contributions to people

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