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Macro- and microclimatic interactions can drive variation in species' habitat associations

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Macro- and microclimatic interactions can drive variation in species' habitat associations. / Pateman, Rachel M.; Thomas, Chris D.; Hayward, Scott A L; Hill, Jane K.

In: Global Change Biology, Vol. 22, No. 2, 01.02.2016, p. 556-566.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Pateman, RM, Thomas, CD, Hayward, SAL & Hill, JK 2016, 'Macro- and microclimatic interactions can drive variation in species' habitat associations', Global Change Biology, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 556-566. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13056

APA

Pateman, R. M., Thomas, C. D., Hayward, S. A. L., & Hill, J. K. (2016). Macro- and microclimatic interactions can drive variation in species' habitat associations. Global Change Biology, 22(2), 556-566. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13056

Vancouver

Pateman RM, Thomas CD, Hayward SAL, Hill JK. Macro- and microclimatic interactions can drive variation in species' habitat associations. Global Change Biology. 2016 Feb 1;22(2):556-566. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13056

Author

Pateman, Rachel M. ; Thomas, Chris D. ; Hayward, Scott A L ; Hill, Jane K. / Macro- and microclimatic interactions can drive variation in species' habitat associations. In: Global Change Biology. 2016 ; Vol. 22, No. 2. pp. 556-566.

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@article{3f8cfde9307f49c28d16c75af882cc4a,
title = "Macro- and microclimatic interactions can drive variation in species' habitat associations",
abstract = "Many species are more restricted in their habitat associations at the leading edges of their range margins, but some species have broadened their habitat associations in these regions during recent climate change. We examine the effects of multiple, interacting climatic variables on spatial and temporal patterns of species' habitat associations, using the speckled wood butterfly, Pararge aegeria, in Britain, as our model taxon. Our analyses reveal that this species, traditionally regarded as a woodland-dependent insect, is less restricted to woodland in regions with warmer winters and warmer and wetter summers. In addition, over the past 40 years of climate change, the species has become less restricted to woodland in locations where temperature and summer rainfall have increased most. We show that these patterns arise mechanistically because larval growth rates are slower in open (i.e. nonwoodland) habitats associated with colder microclimates in winter and greater host plant desiccation in summer. We conclude that macro- and microclimatic interactions drive variation in species' habitat associations, which for our study species resulted predominantly in a widening of habitat associations under climate change. However, species vary in their climatic and nonclimatic requirements, and so complex spatial and temporal patterns of changes in habitat associations are likely to be observed in future as the climate changes.",
keywords = "Pararge aegeria, Climate change, Invasion, Lepidoptera, Niche breadth, Range expansion, Speckled wood",
author = "Pateman, {Rachel M.} and Thomas, {Chris D.} and Hayward, {Scott A L} and Hill, {Jane K.}",
note = "{\circledC} 2015 The Authors",
year = "2016",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/gcb.13056",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "556--566",
journal = "Global Change Biology",
issn = "1354-1013",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Macro- and microclimatic interactions can drive variation in species' habitat associations

AU - Pateman, Rachel M.

AU - Thomas, Chris D.

AU - Hayward, Scott A L

AU - Hill, Jane K.

N1 - © 2015 The Authors

PY - 2016/2/1

Y1 - 2016/2/1

N2 - Many species are more restricted in their habitat associations at the leading edges of their range margins, but some species have broadened their habitat associations in these regions during recent climate change. We examine the effects of multiple, interacting climatic variables on spatial and temporal patterns of species' habitat associations, using the speckled wood butterfly, Pararge aegeria, in Britain, as our model taxon. Our analyses reveal that this species, traditionally regarded as a woodland-dependent insect, is less restricted to woodland in regions with warmer winters and warmer and wetter summers. In addition, over the past 40 years of climate change, the species has become less restricted to woodland in locations where temperature and summer rainfall have increased most. We show that these patterns arise mechanistically because larval growth rates are slower in open (i.e. nonwoodland) habitats associated with colder microclimates in winter and greater host plant desiccation in summer. We conclude that macro- and microclimatic interactions drive variation in species' habitat associations, which for our study species resulted predominantly in a widening of habitat associations under climate change. However, species vary in their climatic and nonclimatic requirements, and so complex spatial and temporal patterns of changes in habitat associations are likely to be observed in future as the climate changes.

AB - Many species are more restricted in their habitat associations at the leading edges of their range margins, but some species have broadened their habitat associations in these regions during recent climate change. We examine the effects of multiple, interacting climatic variables on spatial and temporal patterns of species' habitat associations, using the speckled wood butterfly, Pararge aegeria, in Britain, as our model taxon. Our analyses reveal that this species, traditionally regarded as a woodland-dependent insect, is less restricted to woodland in regions with warmer winters and warmer and wetter summers. In addition, over the past 40 years of climate change, the species has become less restricted to woodland in locations where temperature and summer rainfall have increased most. We show that these patterns arise mechanistically because larval growth rates are slower in open (i.e. nonwoodland) habitats associated with colder microclimates in winter and greater host plant desiccation in summer. We conclude that macro- and microclimatic interactions drive variation in species' habitat associations, which for our study species resulted predominantly in a widening of habitat associations under climate change. However, species vary in their climatic and nonclimatic requirements, and so complex spatial and temporal patterns of changes in habitat associations are likely to be observed in future as the climate changes.

KW - Pararge aegeria

KW - Climate change

KW - Invasion

KW - Lepidoptera

KW - Niche breadth

KW - Range expansion

KW - Speckled wood

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84955677685&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/gcb.13056

DO - 10.1111/gcb.13056

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 556

EP - 566

JO - Global Change Biology

JF - Global Change Biology

SN - 1354-1013

IS - 2

ER -