Magnetic and Dyed Microcapsules From the Spores of Clubmoss

Wen Cai, Charles Bradbury, Stephen Cowling, John Goodby*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this article we describe the preparation of bioavailable microcapsules derived from spores of clubmoss (Lycopodium clavatum) that are composed of protein-free, non-allergenic, and porous sporopollenin, often described as nature’s most robust polymeric system. We describe the adsorption of magnetic materials onto the exterior surfaces of the empty microcapsules and the incorporation of molecular passengers, thereby producing stable, monodispersed, bifunctional particles/vehicles of 25 microns in size that can respond to, or targeted by, applied fields.

Original languageEnglish
Article number834455
Number of pages13
JournalFrontiers in Physics
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2022 Cai, Bradbury, Cowling and Goodby


  • dyes
  • microcapsules
  • nanomagents
  • spores
  • sporopollenin

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