Magnetic moment enhancement and spin polarization switch of the manganese phthalocyanine molecule on an IrMn (100) surface

Xia Sun, Bing Wang, Andrew Pratt, Yasushi Yamauchi

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The geometric, electronic, and magnetic structures of a manganese phthalocyanine (MnPc) molecule on an antiferromagnetic IrMn(100) surface are studied by density functional theory calculations. Two kinds of orientation of the adsorbed MnPc molecule are predicted to coexist due to molecular self-assembly on the surface—a top-site geometry with the Mn–N bonds aligned along the <100> direction, and a hollow-site orientation in which the Mn–N bonds are parallel to the <110> direction. The MnPc molecule is antiferromagnetically coupled to the substrate at the top site with a slight reduction in the magnetic moment of the Mn atom of the MnPc molecule (Mnmol). In contrast, the magnetic moment of the Mnmol is enhanced to 4.28 μB at the hollow site, a value larger than that in the free MnPc molecule (3.51 μB). Molecular distortion induced by adsorption is revealed to be responsible for the enhancement of the magnetic moment. Furthermore, the spin polarization of the Mnmol atom at around the Fermi level is found to change from negative to positive through an elongation of the Mn–N bonds of the MnPc. We propose that a reversible switch of the low/high magnetic moment and negative/positive spin polarization might be realized through some mechanical engineering methods.
Original languageEnglish
Article number034703
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2014


  • Phthalocyanine
  • Spin polarization
  • IrMn(100)
  • Magnetic moment

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