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Magnetic skyrmionium diode with a magnetic anisotropy voltage gating

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JournalApplied Physics Letters
DateAccepted/In press - 5 Nov 2020
DatePublished (current) - 17 Nov 2020
Issue number20
Volume117
Number of pages7
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The magnetic skyrmionium can be seen as a coalition of two magnetic skyrmions with opposite topological charges and has potential applications in next-generation spintronic devices. Here, we report the current-driven dynamics of a skyrmionium in a ferromagnetic nanotrack with the voltage-controlled magnetic anisotropy. The pinning and depinning of a skyrmionium controlled by the voltage gate are investigated. The current-driven skyrmionium can be used to mimic the skyrmionium diode effect in the nanotrack with a voltage gate. We have further studied the skyrmionium dynamics in the nanotrack driven by a magnetic anisotropy gradient in the absence of spin current. The performance of a single wedge-shaped voltage gate at different temperatures is studied. Our results may provide useful guidelines for the design of voltage-controlled and skyrmionium-based spintronic devices.

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