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Maternal temperature history activates Flowering Locus T in fruits to control progeny dormancy according to time of year

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JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
DatePublished - 30 Dec 2014
Issue number52
Volume111
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)18787-18792
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Seasonal behavior is important for fitness in temperate environments but it is unclear how progeny gain their initial seasonal entrainment. Plants use temperature signals to measure time of year, and changes to life histories are therefore an important consequence of climate change. Here we show that in Arabidopsis the current and prior temperature experience of the mother plant is used to control germination of progeny seeds, via the activation of the florigen Flowering Locus T (FT) in fruit tissues. We demonstrate that maternal past and current temperature experience are transduced to the FT locus in silique phloem. In turn, FT controls seed dormancy through inhibition of proanthocyanidin synthesis in fruits, resulting in altered seed coat tannin content. Our data reveal that maternal temperature history is integrated through FT in the fruit to generate a metabolic signal that entrains the behavior of progeny seeds according to time of year.

    Research areas

  • Germination, Seed coat, Seed dormancy, Temperature, Transgenerational

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