Measurement of Compton scattering at MAMI for the extraction of the electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the proton

(A2 Collaboration at MAMI)

Research output: Working paperPreprint


A precise measurement of the differential cross sections $d\sigma/d\Omega$ and the linearly polarized photon beam asymmetry $\Sigma_3$ for Compton scattering on the proton below pion threshold has been performed with a tagged photon beam and almost $4\pi$ detector at the Mainz Microtron. The incident photons were produced by the recently upgraded Glasgow-Mainz photon tagging facility and impinged on a cryogenic liquid hydrogen target, with the scattered photons detected in the Crystal Ball/TAPS set-up. Using the highest statistics Compton scattering data ever measured on the proton along with two effective field theory models (both covariant baryon and heavy-baryon) in addition to fixed-$t$ dispersion relations and the Baldin sum rule, we have obtained the proton electric and magnetic polarizabilities with unprecedented precision: \begin{align*} &{}\alpha_{E1} = 10.99 \pm 0.16 \pm 0.47 \pm 0.17 \pm 0.34 &{}\beta_{M1} = 3.14 \pm 0.21 \pm 0.24 \pm 0.20 \pm 0.35 \end{align*} in units of $10^{-4}$\,fm$^3$ where the errors are statistical, systematic, spin polarizability dependent and model dependent.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 29 Oct 2021


  • nucl-ex
  • nucl-th

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