Measurement of the distribution of anisotropy constants in magnetic nanoparticles for hyperthermia applications

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In this work we have applied theoretical calculations to new experimental measurements of the effect of the anisotropy distribution in magnetite nanoparticles which in turn controls hysteresis heating for hyperthermia applications. Good agreement between theory and experiment is reported where the theoretical calculation is based upon the detailed measurement of the particle elongation generally observed in the nanoparticles. The elongation has been measured from studies via transmission electron microscopy (TEM). We find that particle elongation is responsible for the anisotropy dispersion which can be obtained by analysis and fitting to a measurement of the temperature decay of remanence. A median value of the anisotropy constant of 1.5x105erg/cc was obtained. A very wide distribution of anisotropy constants is present with a Gaussian standard deviation of 1.5x105erg/cc. From our measurements, deviations in the value of the saturation magnetisation from particle to particle are most likely the main factor giving rise to this large distribution with 33% arising from the error in the measured elongation. The lower limit to the anisotropy constant of the nanoparticles is determined by the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of the material, 1.1x105erg/cc for magnetite which was studied in this work.
Original languageEnglish
Article number455003
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Early online date29 Aug 2017
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2017

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