Measuring fast electron distribution functions at intensities up to 10(21) W cm(-2)

N. Booth, R. J. Clarke, D. Doria, L. A. Gizzi, G. Gregori, P. Hake, P. Koester, L. Labate, T. Levato, B. Li, M. Makita, R. C. Mancini, J. Pasley, P. P. Rajeev, D. Riley, A. P. L. Robinson, E. Wagenaars, J. N. Waugh, N. C. Woolsey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Here we present results from ultra-intense experiments demonstrating the viability of polarization spectroscopy as a diagnostic of the electron return current and spatial anisotropy and distribution function of the fast electron beam. The measurements extend to ultra-relativistic intensities of 10(21) W cm(-2), including laser-plasma interaction regimes important for fast ignition studies, for example HiPER, and the development of secondary sources from next generation ultra-short pulse, ultra-intense laser facilities such as Astra-Gemini and ELI. As an in situ diagnostic, spectroscopic measurements are vital to understanding fast electron beams, enabling extrapolation of results to define fast ignition inertial confinement fusion and secondary source facilities. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-139
Number of pages3
JournalNuclear instruments & methods in physics research section a-Accelerators spectrometers detectors and associated equipment
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2011


  • Laser-produced plasmas
  • X-ray polarization Spectroscopy
  • Electron distribution function
  • Fast electrons
  • Return current

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