Measuring sense of community in the military: cross-cultural evidence for the validity of the brief sense of community scale and its underlying theory

Jörg Wombacher, Stephen K. Tagg, Thomas Bürgi, Jillian MacBryde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this article, the authors present a German Sense of Community (SOC) Scale for use in military settings. The scale is based on the translation and field-testing of an existing U.S.-based measure of neighborhood SOC (Peterson, Speer, & McMillan, 2008). The methodological intricacies underlying cross-cultural scale development are highlighted, as are the strategies used to overcome them. Administered in a navy context (n=270), the newly developed German measure improves the psychometric credentials of the existing scale by confirming the principal theory of SOC and its applicability across borders and contexts. Future research is encouraged to build on the strength and flexibility of the existing U.S. instrument for further cross-cultural scale development, thus enabling SOC theory to attain its full international potential. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)671–687
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Community Psychology
Issue number6
Early online date13 Jul 2010
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010


  • Community
  • Military
  • Cross-cultural
  • Theory
  • Social sciences (general)
  • Social psychology

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