Measuring teacher engagement: The development of the Engaged Teachers Scale (ETS)

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Publication details

JournalFrontline Learning Research
DatePublished - Dec 2013
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)33-52
Original languageEnglish


The goal of this study was to create and validate a brief multidimensional scale of teacher engagement—the Engaged Teachers Scale (ETS)—that reflects the particular characteristics of teachers’ work in classrooms and schools. We collected data from three separate samples of teachers (total N = 810), and followed five steps in developing and validating the ETS. The result of our scale development was a 16-item, 4-factor scale of teacher engagement that shows evidence of reliability, validity, and practical usability for further research. The four factors of the ETS consist of: cognitive engagement, emotional engagement, social engagement: students, and social engagement: colleagues. The ETS was found to correlate positively with a frequently used work engagement measure (the UWES) and to be positively related to, but empirically distinct from, a measure of teachers’ self-efficacy (the TSES). Our key contribution to the measurement of teacher engagement is the novel inclusion of social engagement with students as a key component of overall engagement at work for teachers. We propose that social engagement should be considered in future iterations of work engagement measures in a range of settings.

    Research areas

  • teacher engagement, motivation, scale validation

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