By the same authors

From the same journal

Measuring teachers' enjoyment, anger, and anxiety: The Teacher Emotions Scales (TES)

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Measuring teachers' enjoyment, anger, and anxiety : The Teacher Emotions Scales (TES). / Frenzel, Anne C.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Goetz, Thomas; Daniels, Lia; Durksen, Tracy; Becker-Kurz, Betty; Klassen, Robert Mark.

In: Contemporary Educational Psychology, Vol. 46, 01.07.2016, p. 148-163.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Frenzel, AC, Pekrun, R, Goetz, T, Daniels, L, Durksen, T, Becker-Kurz, B & Klassen, RM 2016, 'Measuring teachers' enjoyment, anger, and anxiety: The Teacher Emotions Scales (TES)', Contemporary Educational Psychology, vol. 46, pp. 148-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2016.05.003

APA

Frenzel, A. C., Pekrun, R., Goetz, T., Daniels, L., Durksen, T., Becker-Kurz, B., & Klassen, R. M. (2016). Measuring teachers' enjoyment, anger, and anxiety: The Teacher Emotions Scales (TES). Contemporary Educational Psychology, 46, 148-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2016.05.003

Vancouver

Frenzel AC, Pekrun R, Goetz T, Daniels L, Durksen T, Becker-Kurz B et al. Measuring teachers' enjoyment, anger, and anxiety: The Teacher Emotions Scales (TES). Contemporary Educational Psychology. 2016 Jul 1;46:148-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2016.05.003

Author

Frenzel, Anne C. ; Pekrun, Reinhard ; Goetz, Thomas ; Daniels, Lia ; Durksen, Tracy ; Becker-Kurz, Betty ; Klassen, Robert Mark. / Measuring teachers' enjoyment, anger, and anxiety : The Teacher Emotions Scales (TES). In: Contemporary Educational Psychology. 2016 ; Vol. 46. pp. 148-163.

Bibtex - Download

@article{bb7c539f56234b738c490a7462dec787,
title = "Measuring teachers' enjoyment, anger, and anxiety: The Teacher Emotions Scales (TES)",
abstract = "The emotions of teachers are considered relevant not only for their own well-being but also for the functioning of classrooms. Nevertheless, research on teacher emotions has been slow to emerge, and scales for their assessment via self-report are generally lacking. In the present research we developed four-item scales for three emotions considered most relevant in the context of teaching: enjoyment, anger, and anxiety (Teacher Emotions Scales, TES). Based on data of 944 teachers, we tested German and English language versions of the TES for reliability, internal and external validity, and cross-language equivalence, while exploring the utility of both a general and a student-group specific variant. All scales proved to be highly reliable, and confirmatory factor analysis supported internal validity by showing that three-factor models (enjoyment, anger, and anxiety) were superior to single-factor or two-factor (positive vs. negative affect) models. The external validation analyses provided consistent evidence for theoretically meaningful relations with teachers' general affect, burnout, job satisfaction, and teacher self-efficacy. These findings were robust across multiple studies. In addition, consistent relationships with student ratings of teaching behaviors were found. Analyses of measurement invariance revealed that the English and the German language versions were fully structurally equivalent und displayed metric invariance.",
keywords = "Cross-language measurement invariance analysis, Instrument validation, Teacher anger, Teacher anxiety, Teacher enjoyment",
author = "Frenzel, {Anne C.} and Reinhard Pekrun and Thomas Goetz and Lia Daniels and Tracy Durksen and Betty Becker-Kurz and Klassen, {Robert Mark}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2016, the publisher. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher{\textquoteright}s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details",
year = "2016",
month = jul,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.cedpsych.2016.05.003",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "148--163",
journal = "Contemporary Educational Psychology",
issn = "0361-476X",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measuring teachers' enjoyment, anger, and anxiety

T2 - The Teacher Emotions Scales (TES)

AU - Frenzel, Anne C.

AU - Pekrun, Reinhard

AU - Goetz, Thomas

AU - Daniels, Lia

AU - Durksen, Tracy

AU - Becker-Kurz, Betty

AU - Klassen, Robert Mark

N1 - © 2016, the publisher. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details

PY - 2016/7/1

Y1 - 2016/7/1

N2 - The emotions of teachers are considered relevant not only for their own well-being but also for the functioning of classrooms. Nevertheless, research on teacher emotions has been slow to emerge, and scales for their assessment via self-report are generally lacking. In the present research we developed four-item scales for three emotions considered most relevant in the context of teaching: enjoyment, anger, and anxiety (Teacher Emotions Scales, TES). Based on data of 944 teachers, we tested German and English language versions of the TES for reliability, internal and external validity, and cross-language equivalence, while exploring the utility of both a general and a student-group specific variant. All scales proved to be highly reliable, and confirmatory factor analysis supported internal validity by showing that three-factor models (enjoyment, anger, and anxiety) were superior to single-factor or two-factor (positive vs. negative affect) models. The external validation analyses provided consistent evidence for theoretically meaningful relations with teachers' general affect, burnout, job satisfaction, and teacher self-efficacy. These findings were robust across multiple studies. In addition, consistent relationships with student ratings of teaching behaviors were found. Analyses of measurement invariance revealed that the English and the German language versions were fully structurally equivalent und displayed metric invariance.

AB - The emotions of teachers are considered relevant not only for their own well-being but also for the functioning of classrooms. Nevertheless, research on teacher emotions has been slow to emerge, and scales for their assessment via self-report are generally lacking. In the present research we developed four-item scales for three emotions considered most relevant in the context of teaching: enjoyment, anger, and anxiety (Teacher Emotions Scales, TES). Based on data of 944 teachers, we tested German and English language versions of the TES for reliability, internal and external validity, and cross-language equivalence, while exploring the utility of both a general and a student-group specific variant. All scales proved to be highly reliable, and confirmatory factor analysis supported internal validity by showing that three-factor models (enjoyment, anger, and anxiety) were superior to single-factor or two-factor (positive vs. negative affect) models. The external validation analyses provided consistent evidence for theoretically meaningful relations with teachers' general affect, burnout, job satisfaction, and teacher self-efficacy. These findings were robust across multiple studies. In addition, consistent relationships with student ratings of teaching behaviors were found. Analyses of measurement invariance revealed that the English and the German language versions were fully structurally equivalent und displayed metric invariance.

KW - Cross-language measurement invariance analysis

KW - Instrument validation

KW - Teacher anger

KW - Teacher anxiety

KW - Teacher enjoyment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84971451934&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.cedpsych.2016.05.003

DO - 10.1016/j.cedpsych.2016.05.003

M3 - Article

VL - 46

SP - 148

EP - 163

JO - Contemporary Educational Psychology

JF - Contemporary Educational Psychology

SN - 0361-476X

ER -