Mechanistic evaluation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin, dibenzofuran and naphthalene isomer fingerprints in microwave pyrolysis of biomass

Qiuju Gao, Mariusz K. Cieplik, Vitaliy L. Budarin, Mark Gronnow, Stina Jansson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Isomer distribution patterns of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and naphthalenes (PCNs) were investigated in microwave-assisted pyrolysis (MAP) products of woody biomass. The feedstocks included bark and impregnated wood. The results indicated that isomer distributions in MAP are more selective compared to those reported from wood burning and waste incineration. Favored formation of 4-MoCDF and highly selective chlorine substitution at the 2,4-position observed during MAP suggested a preferred formation pathway of PCDFs involving (chloro)phenol precursors followed by subsequent chlorination. The PCDD distribution was dominated by isomers typically formed from chlorophenol condensation at relatively low temperature. The PCN isomer distributions showed a tendency for sequential chlorination from non-substituted naphthalene at successive positions. The presence of isomers such as 1-MoCDD, 4-MoCDF, 1,2,3-TriCN with low thermodynamic stability indicates that kinetic factors may be important in the MAP process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-175
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016


  • Biomass thermochemical conversion
  • Dioxin-like compounds
  • PCDD
  • PCDF
  • PCN
  • Persistent organic pollutants

Cite this