Metabolic engineering of the flavone-C-glycoside pathway using polyprotein technology.

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C-Glycosylated flavonoids are biologically active plant natural products linked to dietary health benefits. We have used polyprotein expression technology to reconstruct part of the respective biosynthetic pathway in tobacco and yeast, such that dihydrochalcone and flavanone precursors are directly converted to C-glycosides. The polyprotein system developed facilitated the simple and efficient co-expression of pathway enzymes requiring different sub-cellular localization in both plants and yeast. The pathway to flavone-C-glucosides comprised a flavanone 2-hydroxylase (F2H), co-expressed with a C-glucosyltransferase (CGT). While pathway engineering in tobacco resulted in only minor C-glycoside formation, when fed with the flavanone naringenin, yeast transformed with the F2H-CGT polyprotein construct produced high concentrations of 2-hydroxynaringenin-C-glucoside in the medium. These fermentation products could then be readily chemically converted to the respective flavone-C-glucosides. The efficiency of the biosynthesis was optimal when both the F2H and CGT were obtained from the same species (rice). These results confirm the coupled roles of the F2H and CGT in producing C-glucosides in vivo, with the use of the polyprotein expression system in yeast offering a useful system to optimize the synthesis of these natural products in quantities suitable for dietary studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-20
Number of pages10
JournalMetabolic Engineering
Issue number1
Early online date8 Jan 2013
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

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