By the same authors

From the same journal

From the same journal

Microplastics in the aquatic environment: Evidence for or against adverse impacts and major knowledge gaps

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Microplastics in the aquatic environment : Evidence for or against adverse impacts and major knowledge gaps. / Burns, Emily Evelyn Alison; Boxall, Alistair Bruce Alleyne.

In: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 16.10.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Burns, EEA & Boxall, ABA 2018, 'Microplastics in the aquatic environment: Evidence for or against adverse impacts and major knowledge gaps', Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.4268

APA

Burns, E. E. A., & Boxall, A. B. A. (2018). Microplastics in the aquatic environment: Evidence for or against adverse impacts and major knowledge gaps. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.4268

Vancouver

Burns EEA, Boxall ABA. Microplastics in the aquatic environment: Evidence for or against adverse impacts and major knowledge gaps. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 2018 Oct 16. https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.4268

Author

Burns, Emily Evelyn Alison ; Boxall, Alistair Bruce Alleyne. / Microplastics in the aquatic environment : Evidence for or against adverse impacts and major knowledge gaps. In: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 2018.

Bibtex - Download

@article{fdeb225c83cb4e1f8cf575e43cefe1b8,
title = "Microplastics in the aquatic environment: Evidence for or against adverse impacts and major knowledge gaps",
abstract = "There is increasing scientific and public concern over the presence of microplastics (MPs) in the natural environment. Here, we present the results of a systematic review of the literature to assess the weight of evidence for MPs causing environmental harm. We conclude that MPs do occur in surface water and sediments. Fragments and fibers predominate with beads making up only a small proportion of the detected MP types. Concentrations detected are orders of magnitude lower than those reported to affect molecular level endpoints, feeding, reproduction, growth, tissue inflammation and mortality in organisms. The evidence for MPs acting as a vector for hydrophobic organic compounds (HOC) to accumulate in organisms is also weak. The available data therefore suggest that these materials are not causing harm to the environment. There is however a mismatch between the particle types, size ranges, and concentrations of MPs used in laboratory tests and those measured in the environment. Select environmental compartments have also received limited attention. There is an urgent need for studies that address this mismatch by performing better quality and more holistic monitoring studies alongside more environmentally realistic effects studies. Only then will we be able to fully characterize risks of MPs to the environment in order to support the introduction of regulatory controls that can make a real positive difference to environmental quality.",
author = "Burns, {Emily Evelyn Alison} and Boxall, {Alistair Bruce Alleyne}",
note = "{\circledC} 2018 SETAC. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
day = "16",
doi = "10.1002/etc.4268",
language = "English",
journal = "Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry",
issn = "1552-8618",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Microplastics in the aquatic environment

T2 - Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

AU - Burns, Emily Evelyn Alison

AU - Boxall, Alistair Bruce Alleyne

N1 - © 2018 SETAC. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details

PY - 2018/10/16

Y1 - 2018/10/16

N2 - There is increasing scientific and public concern over the presence of microplastics (MPs) in the natural environment. Here, we present the results of a systematic review of the literature to assess the weight of evidence for MPs causing environmental harm. We conclude that MPs do occur in surface water and sediments. Fragments and fibers predominate with beads making up only a small proportion of the detected MP types. Concentrations detected are orders of magnitude lower than those reported to affect molecular level endpoints, feeding, reproduction, growth, tissue inflammation and mortality in organisms. The evidence for MPs acting as a vector for hydrophobic organic compounds (HOC) to accumulate in organisms is also weak. The available data therefore suggest that these materials are not causing harm to the environment. There is however a mismatch between the particle types, size ranges, and concentrations of MPs used in laboratory tests and those measured in the environment. Select environmental compartments have also received limited attention. There is an urgent need for studies that address this mismatch by performing better quality and more holistic monitoring studies alongside more environmentally realistic effects studies. Only then will we be able to fully characterize risks of MPs to the environment in order to support the introduction of regulatory controls that can make a real positive difference to environmental quality.

AB - There is increasing scientific and public concern over the presence of microplastics (MPs) in the natural environment. Here, we present the results of a systematic review of the literature to assess the weight of evidence for MPs causing environmental harm. We conclude that MPs do occur in surface water and sediments. Fragments and fibers predominate with beads making up only a small proportion of the detected MP types. Concentrations detected are orders of magnitude lower than those reported to affect molecular level endpoints, feeding, reproduction, growth, tissue inflammation and mortality in organisms. The evidence for MPs acting as a vector for hydrophobic organic compounds (HOC) to accumulate in organisms is also weak. The available data therefore suggest that these materials are not causing harm to the environment. There is however a mismatch between the particle types, size ranges, and concentrations of MPs used in laboratory tests and those measured in the environment. Select environmental compartments have also received limited attention. There is an urgent need for studies that address this mismatch by performing better quality and more holistic monitoring studies alongside more environmentally realistic effects studies. Only then will we be able to fully characterize risks of MPs to the environment in order to support the introduction of regulatory controls that can make a real positive difference to environmental quality.

U2 - 10.1002/etc.4268

DO - 10.1002/etc.4268

M3 - Article

JO - Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

JF - Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

SN - 1552-8618

ER -