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Microwave assisted decomposition of cellulose: a new thermochemical route for biomass exploitation

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JournalBIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY
DatePublished - May 2010
Issue number10
Volume101
Number of pages4
Pages (from-to)3776-3779
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

A microwave assisted low temperature decomposition process has been developed for production of high quality fuels from biomass. 180 degrees C was identified as key in the process mechanism, as the amorphous region of cellulose softens allowing a microwave induced rearrangement. Proton transfer is then possible under the microwave field resulting in acid catalysed decomposition. This low temperature process has been shown to be suitable for scale-up, producing a high quality char for use as a coal replacement and bio-oil suitable for upgrading to liquid fuel. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Cellulose, Microwave, Biofuel, Mechanism, PYROLYSIS

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