Mimicking salmochelin S1 and the interactions of its Fe(III) complex with periplasmic iron siderophore binding proteins CeuE and VctP

Ellis J Wilde, Elena V Blagova, Thomas J Sanderson, Daniel J Raines, Ross P Thomas, Anne Routledge, Anne-Kathrin Duhme-Klair, Keith S Wilson

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A mimic of the tetradentate stealth siderophore salmochelin S1, was synthesised, characterised and shown to form Fe(III) complexes with ligand-to-metal ratios of 1:1 and 3:2. Circular dichroism spectroscopy confirmed that the periplasmic binding proteins CeuE and VctP of Campylobacter jejuni and Vibrio cholerae, respectively, bind the Fe(III) complex of the salmochelin mimic by preferentially selecting Λ-configured Fe(III) complexes. Intrinsic fluorescence quenching studies revealed that VctP binds Fe(III) complexes of the mimic and structurally-related catecholate ligands, such as enterobactin, bis(2, 3-dihydroxybenzoyl-l-serine) and bis(2, 3-dihydroxybenzoyl)-1, 5-pentanediamine with higher affinity than does CeuE. Both CeuE and VctP display a clear preference for the tetradentate bis(catecholates) over the tris(catecholate) siderophore enterobactin. These findings are consistent with reports that V. cholerae and C. jejuni utilise the enterobactin hydrolysis product bis(2, 3-dihydroxybenzoyl)-O-seryl serine for the acquisition of Fe(III) and suggest that the role of salmochelin S1 in the iron uptake of enteric pathogens merits further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-84
Number of pages10
Early online date19 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

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