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Mimicking salmochelin S1 and the interactions of its Fe(III) complex with periplasmic iron siderophore binding proteins CeuE and VctP

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DateAccepted/In press - 16 Oct 2018
DateE-pub ahead of print - 19 Oct 2018
DatePublished (current) - Jan 2019
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)75-84
Early online date19/10/18
Original languageEnglish


A mimic of the tetradentate stealth siderophore salmochelin S1, was synthesised, characterised and shown to form Fe(III) complexes with ligand-to-metal ratios of 1:1 and 3:2. Circular dichroism spectroscopy confirmed that the periplasmic binding proteins CeuE and VctP of Campylobacter jejuni and Vibrio cholerae, respectively, bind the Fe(III) complex of the salmochelin mimic by preferentially selecting Λ-configured Fe(III) complexes. Intrinsic fluorescence quenching studies revealed that VctP binds Fe(III) complexes of the mimic and structurally-related catecholate ligands, such as enterobactin, bis(2, 3-dihydroxybenzoyl-l-serine) and bis(2, 3-dihydroxybenzoyl)-1, 5-pentanediamine with higher affinity than does CeuE. Both CeuE and VctP display a clear preference for the tetradentate bis(catecholates) over the tris(catecholate) siderophore enterobactin. These findings are consistent with reports that V. cholerae and C. jejuni utilise the enterobactin hydrolysis product bis(2, 3-dihydroxybenzoyl)-O-seryl serine for the acquisition of Fe(III) and suggest that the role of salmochelin S1 in the iron uptake of enteric pathogens merits further investigation.

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© 2018 Elsevier Inc. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy.

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