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Mindfulness and mind-wandering: finding convergence through opposing constructs

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JournalEmotion
DatePublished - Jun 2012
Issue number3
Volume12
Number of pages7
Pages (from-to)442-448
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Research into both mindfulness and mind-wandering has grown rapidly, yet clarification of the relationship between these two seemingly opposing constructs is still absent. A first study addresses the relationship between a dispositional measure of mindfulness (Mindful Attention and Awareness Scale, MAAS) and converging measures of both self-reported and indirect markers of mind-wandering. Negative correlations between dispositional mindfulness and 4 measures of mind-wandering confirm the opposing relationship between the 2 constructs and further validate the use of the MAAS as a dispositional measure of mindfulness. A second study demonstrated that 8 minutes of mindful breathing reduces behavioral indicators of mind-wandering during a Sustained Attention to Response Task compared with both passive relaxation and reading. Together these studies clarify the opposition between the constructs of mindfulness and mind-wandering and so should lead to greater convergence between what have been predominately separate, yet mutually relevant, lines of research.

    Research areas

  • Affect, Attention, Awareness, Female, Humans, Male, Mind-Body Therapies, Psychological Tests, Thinking, Young Adult

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