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Models of high-dimensional semantic space predict language-mediated eye movements in the visual world

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JournalActa psychologica
DatePublished - Jan 2006
Issue number1
Volume121
Number of pages16
Pages (from-to)65-80
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

In the visual world paradigm, participants are more likely to fixate a visual referent that has some semantic relationship with a heard word, than they are to fixate an unrelated referent [Cooper, R. M. (1974). The control of eye fixation by the meaning of spoken language. A new methodology for the real-time investigation of speech perception, memory, and language processing. Cognitive Psychology, 6, 813-839]. Here, this method is used to examine the psychological validity of models of high-dimensional semamic space. The data strongly suggest that these corpus-based measures of word semantics predict fixation behavior in the visual world and provide further evidence that language-mediated eye movements to objects in the concurrent visual environment are driven by semantic similarity rather than all-or-none categorical knowledge. The data suggest that the visual world paradigm can, together with other methodologies, converge on the evidence that may help adjudicate between different theoretical accounts of the psychological semantics. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • eye movements, semantic similarity, visual world, PARADIGM, OBJECT

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