Models of Mental Health Triage for Individuals coming to the Attention of the Police who may be Experiencing Mental Health Crisis: A Scoping Review

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Police routinely encounter individuals experiencing mental distress, despite being ill-equipped to do so. Mental health triage aims to address these concerns. A range of approaches to triage have been introduced, however no overview exists.

We conducted a systematic scoping review of mental health triage co-responding schemes. Eleven databases were searched to identify the literature; each scheme was charted and described.

Thirty-three studies describing 47 schemes were included. Intervention details were generally poorly reported, however, differences in personnel, training and information sharing were identified.

There are multiple schemes in practice based on the co-responding model. Robust research into the cost and effectiveness of mental health triage is needed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-895
Number of pages37
Issue number2
Early online date5 Sept 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021

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