Models of Mental Health Triage for Individuals coming to the Attention of the Police who may be Experiencing Mental Health Crisis: A Scoping Review

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JournalPolicing
DateAccepted/In press - 29 Jul 2019
DateE-pub ahead of print (current) - 5 Sep 2019
Number of pages37
Early online date5/09/19
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Background
Police routinely encounter individuals experiencing mental distress, despite being ill-equipped to do so. Mental health triage aims to address these concerns. A range of approaches to triage have been introduced, however no overview exists.

Methods
We conducted a systematic scoping review of mental health triage co-responding schemes. Eleven databases were searched to identify the literature; each scheme was charted and described.

Results
Thirty-three studies describing 47 schemes were included. Intervention details were generally poorly reported, however, differences in personnel, training and information sharing were identified.

Conclusions
There are multiple schemes in practice based on the co-responding model. Robust research into the cost and effectiveness of mental health triage is needed.

Bibliographical note

©The Author(s) 2019. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.

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