Molecular mechanism of photoperiod sensing

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Molecular mechanism of photoperiod sensing. / Anwer, Muhammad Usman; Davis, Seth Jon; Quint, Marcel; Davis, Amanda M.

In: bioRxiv, 14.05.2018, p. 1-31.

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Anwer, MU, Davis, SJ, Quint, M & Davis, AM 2018, 'Molecular mechanism of photoperiod sensing', bioRxiv, pp. 1-31. https://doi.org/10.1101/321794

APA

Anwer, M. U., Davis, S. J., Quint, M., & Davis, A. M. (2018). Molecular mechanism of photoperiod sensing. bioRxiv, 1-31. https://doi.org/10.1101/321794

Vancouver

Anwer MU, Davis SJ, Quint M, Davis AM. Molecular mechanism of photoperiod sensing. bioRxiv. 2018 May 14;1-31. https://doi.org/10.1101/321794

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Anwer, Muhammad Usman ; Davis, Seth Jon ; Quint, Marcel ; Davis, Amanda M. / Molecular mechanism of photoperiod sensing. In: bioRxiv. 2018 ; pp. 1-31.

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@article{5cba12765f9646bc9b7382599de03695,
title = "Molecular mechanism of photoperiod sensing",
abstract = "ELF3 and GI are two important components of the Arabidopsis circadian clock. They are not only essential for the oscillator function but are also pivotal in mediating light inputs to the oscillator. Lack of either results in a defective oscillator causing severely compromised output pathways, such as photoperiodic flowering and hypocotyl elongation. Although single loss of function mutants of ELF3 and GI have been well-studied, their genetic interaction remains unclear. We generated an elf3 gi double mutant to study their genetic relationship in clock-controlled growth and phase transition phenotypes. We found that ELF3 and GI repress growth during the night and the day, respectively. We also provide evidence that ELF3, for which so far only a growth inhibitory role has been reported, can also act as a growth promoter under certain conditions. Finally, circadian clock assays revealed that ELF3 and GI are essential Zeitnehmers that enable the oscillator to synchronize the endogenous cellular mechanisms to external environmental signals. In their absence, the circadian oscillator fails to synchronize to the light dark cycles even under diurnal conditions. Consequently, clock-mediated photoperiod-responsive growth and development is completely lost in plants lacking both genes, suggesting that ELF3 and GI together convey photoperiod sensing to the central oscillator. Since ELF3 and GI are conserved across flowering plants and represent important breeding and domestication targets, our data highlight the possibility of developing photoperiod-insensitive crops by manipulating the combination of these two key genes.",
author = "Anwer, {Muhammad Usman} and Davis, {Seth Jon} and Marcel Quint and Davis, {Amanda M}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2018, The Author(s). ",
year = "2018",
month = may,
day = "14",
doi = "10.1101/321794",
language = "English",
pages = "1--31",
journal = "bioRxiv",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Molecular mechanism of photoperiod sensing

AU - Anwer, Muhammad Usman

AU - Davis, Seth Jon

AU - Quint, Marcel

AU - Davis, Amanda M

N1 - © 2018, The Author(s).

PY - 2018/5/14

Y1 - 2018/5/14

N2 - ELF3 and GI are two important components of the Arabidopsis circadian clock. They are not only essential for the oscillator function but are also pivotal in mediating light inputs to the oscillator. Lack of either results in a defective oscillator causing severely compromised output pathways, such as photoperiodic flowering and hypocotyl elongation. Although single loss of function mutants of ELF3 and GI have been well-studied, their genetic interaction remains unclear. We generated an elf3 gi double mutant to study their genetic relationship in clock-controlled growth and phase transition phenotypes. We found that ELF3 and GI repress growth during the night and the day, respectively. We also provide evidence that ELF3, for which so far only a growth inhibitory role has been reported, can also act as a growth promoter under certain conditions. Finally, circadian clock assays revealed that ELF3 and GI are essential Zeitnehmers that enable the oscillator to synchronize the endogenous cellular mechanisms to external environmental signals. In their absence, the circadian oscillator fails to synchronize to the light dark cycles even under diurnal conditions. Consequently, clock-mediated photoperiod-responsive growth and development is completely lost in plants lacking both genes, suggesting that ELF3 and GI together convey photoperiod sensing to the central oscillator. Since ELF3 and GI are conserved across flowering plants and represent important breeding and domestication targets, our data highlight the possibility of developing photoperiod-insensitive crops by manipulating the combination of these two key genes.

AB - ELF3 and GI are two important components of the Arabidopsis circadian clock. They are not only essential for the oscillator function but are also pivotal in mediating light inputs to the oscillator. Lack of either results in a defective oscillator causing severely compromised output pathways, such as photoperiodic flowering and hypocotyl elongation. Although single loss of function mutants of ELF3 and GI have been well-studied, their genetic interaction remains unclear. We generated an elf3 gi double mutant to study their genetic relationship in clock-controlled growth and phase transition phenotypes. We found that ELF3 and GI repress growth during the night and the day, respectively. We also provide evidence that ELF3, for which so far only a growth inhibitory role has been reported, can also act as a growth promoter under certain conditions. Finally, circadian clock assays revealed that ELF3 and GI are essential Zeitnehmers that enable the oscillator to synchronize the endogenous cellular mechanisms to external environmental signals. In their absence, the circadian oscillator fails to synchronize to the light dark cycles even under diurnal conditions. Consequently, clock-mediated photoperiod-responsive growth and development is completely lost in plants lacking both genes, suggesting that ELF3 and GI together convey photoperiod sensing to the central oscillator. Since ELF3 and GI are conserved across flowering plants and represent important breeding and domestication targets, our data highlight the possibility of developing photoperiod-insensitive crops by manipulating the combination of these two key genes.

U2 - 10.1101/321794

DO - 10.1101/321794

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 31

JO - bioRxiv

JF - bioRxiv

ER -