Molecular screening of multifocal transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder using p53 mutations as biomarkers

X H Xu, M J Stower, I N Reid, R C Garner, P A Burns

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Thirteen of 28 patients (46%) with grade 2-3 multifocal transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder were found to have p53 mutations using DNA sequence analysis, These were subsequently utilized as tumor-specific biomarkers, Analysis of 17 episodes of recurrence from five of the patients revealed that all but one carried the identical mutation to the primary tumor, Thirty urine samples were collected, at initial diagnosis and during follow-up screening, from eight patients with mutations over a period of 24 months, Sequence analysis of PCR products generated from DNA extracted from the urine sediments was carried out, The p53 mutation seen in the primary tumors was detectable in 24 of 30 urine samples, The remaining six cases coincided with a negative cystoscopic examination, Interestingly, 6 of the 24 urine samples in which mutations were detectable also coincided with negative cystoscopy, The results are consistent with: (a) monoclonality of multifocal TCC; (b) the spread of TCC through a seeding mechanism; and (c) the long-term persistence of tumor cell clones (up to 97 months) within the bladder, even in the absence of obvious tumor growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1795-1800
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1996



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