By the same authors

Molecular Structures of Free Boron Clusters

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Molecular Structures of Free Boron Clusters. / Hnyk, Drahomír; Wann, Derek A.

Boron : The Fifth Element. ed. / Drahomír Hnyk; Michael McKee. Springer, 2015. p. 17-48 (Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics; Vol. 20).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Harvard

Hnyk, D & Wann, DA 2015, Molecular Structures of Free Boron Clusters. in D Hnyk & M McKee (eds), Boron : The Fifth Element. Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics, vol. 20, Springer, pp. 17-48. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-22282-0_2

APA

Hnyk, D., & Wann, D. A. (2015). Molecular Structures of Free Boron Clusters. In D. Hnyk, & M. McKee (Eds.), Boron : The Fifth Element (pp. 17-48). (Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics; Vol. 20). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-22282-0_2

Vancouver

Hnyk D, Wann DA. Molecular Structures of Free Boron Clusters. In Hnyk D, McKee M, editors, Boron : The Fifth Element. Springer. 2015. p. 17-48. (Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-22282-0_2

Author

Hnyk, Drahomír ; Wann, Derek A. / Molecular Structures of Free Boron Clusters. Boron : The Fifth Element. editor / Drahomír Hnyk ; Michael McKee. Springer, 2015. pp. 17-48 (Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics).

Bibtex - Download

@inbook{97ec3af5ac45475fb19af2c951e6428b,
title = "Molecular Structures of Free Boron Clusters",
abstract = "This chapter deals with gas-phase molecular structure determinations of neutral boranes and heteroboranes employing the techniques of gas-phase electron diffraction (GED) and/or modern quantum chemical calculations. Such calculations were useful for computing various observables in order to facilitate the analysis of the electron diffraction data. Additionally, microwave spectroscopy was utilized for the two thiaboranes (in conjunction with the University of Oslo). Unless otherwise stated, the samples used for the work described throughout this chapter originated from the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry of the Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., {\v R}e{\v z} while the GED studies were performed mainly in the School of Chemistry at the University of Edinburgh. The structurally characterized boron clusters belong to the range of structural motifs, from closo to nido, which obey the so-called Wade{\textquoteright}s rules. Examples of boranes that do not obey Wade{\textquoteright}s rules were also studied, as were selected macropolyhedral clusters and metallaboranes. Finally, in order to gain an insight into electron density distribution, analyses of the experimental dipole moments were carried out for a few examples. Whereas the earlier GED studies of boranes and carbaboranes ignored the calculated vibrational effects because of a lack of force fields for these clusters, the current electron diffraction investigations of boranes and various types of heteroboranes used calculated force fields to good effect. They revealed an interesting feature: the amplitudes of vibration for bonded and non-bonded cage distances are very similar, which is at odds with various empirical rules suggesting that amplitudes of vibration should be roughly proportional to the corresponding internuclear distances.",
keywords = "Boron Atom, Boron Cluster, Boron Hydride, Computational Protocol, Vibrational Amplitude",
author = "Drahom{\'i}r Hnyk and Wann, {Derek A.}",
year = "2015",
month = dec,
day = "29",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-22282-0_2",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-3-319-22281-3 ",
series = "Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics",
publisher = "Springer",
pages = "17--48",
editor = "Hnyk, {Drahom{\'i}r } and McKee, {Michael }",
booktitle = "Boron",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - CHAP

T1 - Molecular Structures of Free Boron Clusters

AU - Hnyk, Drahomír

AU - Wann, Derek A.

PY - 2015/12/29

Y1 - 2015/12/29

N2 - This chapter deals with gas-phase molecular structure determinations of neutral boranes and heteroboranes employing the techniques of gas-phase electron diffraction (GED) and/or modern quantum chemical calculations. Such calculations were useful for computing various observables in order to facilitate the analysis of the electron diffraction data. Additionally, microwave spectroscopy was utilized for the two thiaboranes (in conjunction with the University of Oslo). Unless otherwise stated, the samples used for the work described throughout this chapter originated from the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry of the Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., Řež while the GED studies were performed mainly in the School of Chemistry at the University of Edinburgh. The structurally characterized boron clusters belong to the range of structural motifs, from closo to nido, which obey the so-called Wade’s rules. Examples of boranes that do not obey Wade’s rules were also studied, as were selected macropolyhedral clusters and metallaboranes. Finally, in order to gain an insight into electron density distribution, analyses of the experimental dipole moments were carried out for a few examples. Whereas the earlier GED studies of boranes and carbaboranes ignored the calculated vibrational effects because of a lack of force fields for these clusters, the current electron diffraction investigations of boranes and various types of heteroboranes used calculated force fields to good effect. They revealed an interesting feature: the amplitudes of vibration for bonded and non-bonded cage distances are very similar, which is at odds with various empirical rules suggesting that amplitudes of vibration should be roughly proportional to the corresponding internuclear distances.

AB - This chapter deals with gas-phase molecular structure determinations of neutral boranes and heteroboranes employing the techniques of gas-phase electron diffraction (GED) and/or modern quantum chemical calculations. Such calculations were useful for computing various observables in order to facilitate the analysis of the electron diffraction data. Additionally, microwave spectroscopy was utilized for the two thiaboranes (in conjunction with the University of Oslo). Unless otherwise stated, the samples used for the work described throughout this chapter originated from the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry of the Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., Řež while the GED studies were performed mainly in the School of Chemistry at the University of Edinburgh. The structurally characterized boron clusters belong to the range of structural motifs, from closo to nido, which obey the so-called Wade’s rules. Examples of boranes that do not obey Wade’s rules were also studied, as were selected macropolyhedral clusters and metallaboranes. Finally, in order to gain an insight into electron density distribution, analyses of the experimental dipole moments were carried out for a few examples. Whereas the earlier GED studies of boranes and carbaboranes ignored the calculated vibrational effects because of a lack of force fields for these clusters, the current electron diffraction investigations of boranes and various types of heteroboranes used calculated force fields to good effect. They revealed an interesting feature: the amplitudes of vibration for bonded and non-bonded cage distances are very similar, which is at odds with various empirical rules suggesting that amplitudes of vibration should be roughly proportional to the corresponding internuclear distances.

KW - Boron Atom

KW - Boron Cluster

KW - Boron Hydride

KW - Computational Protocol

KW - Vibrational Amplitude

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U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-22282-0_2

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-22282-0_2

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:85045913402

SN - 978-3-319-22281-3

T3 - Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics

SP - 17

EP - 48

BT - Boron

A2 - Hnyk, Drahomír

A2 - McKee, Michael

PB - Springer

ER -