Mothers’ Early Mind-Mindedness Predicts Educational Attainment in Socially and Economically Disadvantaged British Children

Elizabeth Meins, Charles Fernyhough, Luna C Muñoz Centifanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Relations between mothers' mind-mindedness (appropriate and nonattuned mind-related comments) at 8 months (N = 206), and children's educational attainment at ages 7 (n = 158) and 11 (n = 156) were investigated in a British sample. Appropriate mind-related comments were positively correlated with reading and mathematics performance at both ages but only in the low-socioeconomic status (SES) group. Path analyses showed that in the low-SES group, appropriate mind-related comments directly predicted age-11 reading performance, with age-4 verbal ability mediating the relation between appropriate mind-related comments and age-7 reading. In contrast, maternal sensitivity and infant–mother attachment security did not predict children's educational attainment. These findings are discussed in terms of genetic and environmental contributions to reading and mathematics performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e454-e467
Number of pages14
JournalChild Development
Issue number4
Early online date18 Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

Bibliographical note

© 2018, Authors. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.

Cite this