Mother’s health after baby’s birth: does delivery method matter? Does the delivery method matter?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The dramatic increase in the utilization of caesarean section has raised concerns on its impact on public expenditure and health. While the financial costs associated with this surgical procedure are well recognized, less is known on the intangible health costs borne by mothers and their families. We contribute to the debate by investigating the effect of unplanned caesarean deliveries on mothers’ mental health in the first nine months after the delivery. Differently from previous studies, we account for the unobserved heterogeneity due to the fact that mothers who give birth through an unplanned caesarean delivery may be different than mothers who give birth with a natural delivery. Identification is achieved exploiting exogenous variation in the position of the baby in the womb at the time of delivery while controlling for hospital unobserved factors. We find that mothers having an unplanned caesarean section are at higher risk of developing postnatal depression and this result is robust to alternative specifications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-196
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Health Economics
Early online date7 Dec 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Dec 2018

Bibliographical note

© 2018 Elsevier B.V.. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy.


  • Caesarean section
  • Instrumental variables
  • Maternal health
  • Millennium Cohort Study
  • Postnatal depression

Cite this