Multiscale model approaches to the design of advanced permanent magnets

S. C. Westmoreland*, R. F.L. Evans, G. Hrkac, Thomas Schrefl, G. T. Zimanyi, M. Winklhofer, N. Sakuma, M. Yano, A. Kato, T. Shoji, A. Manabe, M. Ito, R. W. Chantrell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We describe the process of multiscale modelling of magnetic materials, based on atomistic models coupled parametrically to micromagnetic calculations. At the atomistic lengthscale we use Spin Dynamics (SD) to study switching mechanisms, using structures predicted by Molecular Dynamics. The process is completed using SD to calculate the cell size and temperature dependent parameters for micromagnetic calculations. We demonstrate an unusually strong cell size scaling for Nd2Fe14B, and demonstrate numerically the existence of atomic scale Barkhausen jumps during magnetization switching. Scaling of magnetic properties is shown to be important in micromagnetic calculations of hysteresis, especially considering variation in micromagnetic cell size.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-62
Number of pages7
JournalScripta Materialia
Early online date9 Feb 2018
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2018

Bibliographical note

© 2018 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy.


  • Atomistic
  • Micromagnetic
  • Multiscale
  • Permanent magnets
  • Pinning

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