Mint1/X11α is one of four neuronal trafficking adaptors that interact with amyloid precursor protein (APP) and are linked with its cleavage to generate Aβ peptide, a key player in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. How APP switches between adaptors at different stages of the secretory pathway is poorly understood. Here we show that tyrosine phosphorylation of Mint1 regulates the destination of APP. A canonical SH2 binding motif ((202) YEEI) was identified in the N-terminus of Mint1 that is phosphorylated on tyrosine by C-Src and recruits the active kinase for sequential phosphorylation of further tyrosines (Y191 and Y187). A single Y202F mutation in the Mint1 N-terminus inhibits C-Src binding and tyrosine phosphorylation. Previous studies observed that co-expression of wild type Mint1 and APP causes accumulation of APP in the trans-Golgi. Unphosphorylatable Mint1 (Y202F) or pharmacological inhibition of Src reduced the accumulation of APP in the trans-Golgi of heterologous cells. A similar result was observed in cultured rat hippocampal neurons where Mint1(Y202F) permitted the trafficking of APP to more distal neurites than the wild type protein. These data underline the importance of the tyrosine phosphorylation of Mint1 as a critical switch for determining the destination of APP. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Neurochemistry|
|Early online date||10 Feb 2016|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|