Mutation in myosin heavy chain 6 causes atrial septal defect

Y H Ching, T K Ghosh, S J Cross, E A Packham, L Honeyman, S Loughna, T E Robinson, A M Dearlove, G Ribas, A J Bonser, N R Thomas, A J Scotter, L S D Caves, G P Tyrrell, R A Newbury-Ecob, A Munnich, D Bonnet, J D Brook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Atrial septal defect is one of the most common forms of congenital heart malformation. We identified a new locus linked with atrial septal defect on chromosome 14q12 in a large family with dominantly inherited atrial septal defect. The underlying mutation is a missense substitution, I820N, in alpha-myosin heavy chain (MYH6), a structural protein expressed at high levels in the developing atria, which affects the binding of the heavy chain to its regulatory light chain. The cardiac transcription factor TBX5 strongly regulates expression of MYH6, but mutant forms of TBX5, which cause Holt-Oram syndrome, do not. Morpholino knock-down of expression of the chick MYH6 homolog eliminates the formation of the atrial septum without overtly affecting atrial chamber formation. These data provide evidence for a link between a transcription factor, a structural protein and congenital heart disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-428
Number of pages6
JournalNature genetics
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2005

Keywords

  • HOLT-ORAM-SYNDROME
  • FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY
  • DEVELOPING CHICK
  • GENE-EXPRESSION
  • BINDING-SITE
  • HUMAN HEART
  • TBX5
  • TISSUE
  • PATTERNS
  • SEQUENCE

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