Navigating, Discovering and Exploring the Web: Strategies Used by People with Print Disabilities on Interactive Websites

Christopher Douglas Power, Helen Petrie, David Mark Swallow, Emma Murphy, Blaithin Gallagher, Carlos A. Velasco

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The majority of research into web accessibility has focused on identifying and eliminating the problems that people with disabilities encounter when interacting with the Web. In this paper we argue that we need to move away from studying user problems to studying how people with disabilities apply interaction strategies while browsing the Web. In this paper we present a study of 19 print disabled users, including blind, partially sighted and dyslexic people, interacting with a variety of interactive Web 2.0 web applications. The participants undertook tasks using concurrent and retrospective protocols to elicit information about how they interact with web content. The result of this study was a collection of 586 strategic action sequences that were classified into seven different types of strategy. Differences in the application of strategies between the user groups are presented, as well as the most frequent strategies used by each user group. We close the paper by discussing some implications for the design of websites and assistive technologies as well as the future directions for empirical research in accessibility.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2013
Subtitle of host publication14th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, September 2-6, 2013, Proceedings, Part I
Number of pages8
Volume8117 LNCS
EditionPART 1
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-642-40483-2
ISBN (Print)978-3-642-40482-5
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event14th IFIP TC International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (INTERACT 2013) - Cape Town, South Africa
Duration: 2 Sept 20136 Sept 2013

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
ISSN (Print)0302-9743


Conference14th IFIP TC International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (INTERACT 2013)
Country/TerritorySouth Africa
CityCape Town

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