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Network analysis of social changes in a captive chimpanzee community following the successful integration of two adult groups

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Network analysis of social changes in a captive chimpanzee community following the successful integration of two adult groups. / Schel, Anne Marijke; Rawlings, Bruce; Claidière, Nicolas; Wilke, Claudia; Wathan, Jen; Richardson, Jo; Pearson, Sophie; Herrelko, Elizabeth S; Whiten, Andrew; Slocombe, Katie.

In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY, Vol. 75, No. 3, 03.2013, p. 254-266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Schel, AM, Rawlings, B, Claidière, N, Wilke, C, Wathan, J, Richardson, J, Pearson, S, Herrelko, ES, Whiten, A & Slocombe, K 2013, 'Network analysis of social changes in a captive chimpanzee community following the successful integration of two adult groups', AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY, vol. 75, no. 3, pp. 254-266. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.22101

APA

Schel, A. M., Rawlings, B., Claidière, N., Wilke, C., Wathan, J., Richardson, J., Pearson, S., Herrelko, E. S., Whiten, A., & Slocombe, K. (2013). Network analysis of social changes in a captive chimpanzee community following the successful integration of two adult groups. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY, 75(3), 254-266. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.22101

Vancouver

Schel AM, Rawlings B, Claidière N, Wilke C, Wathan J, Richardson J et al. Network analysis of social changes in a captive chimpanzee community following the successful integration of two adult groups. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY. 2013 Mar;75(3):254-266. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.22101

Author

Schel, Anne Marijke ; Rawlings, Bruce ; Claidière, Nicolas ; Wilke, Claudia ; Wathan, Jen ; Richardson, Jo ; Pearson, Sophie ; Herrelko, Elizabeth S ; Whiten, Andrew ; Slocombe, Katie. / Network analysis of social changes in a captive chimpanzee community following the successful integration of two adult groups. In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY. 2013 ; Vol. 75, No. 3. pp. 254-266.

Bibtex - Download

@article{9560858ac38545c0b225022e96abfd2b,
title = "Network analysis of social changes in a captive chimpanzee community following the successful integration of two adult groups",
abstract = "Chimpanzees are highly territorial and have the potential to be extremely aggressive toward unfamiliar individuals. In the wild, transfer between groups is almost exclusively completed by nulliparous females, yet in captivity there is often a need to introduce and integrate a range of individuals, including adult males. We describe the process of successfully integrating two groups of chimpanzees, each containing 11 individuals, in the Budongo Trail facility at the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland's Edinburgh Zoo. We use social network analysis to document changes in group dynamics within this population over the 16 months following integration. Aggression rates were low overall and members of the two original groups engaged in significantly fewer aggressive interactions over time. Association and grooming data indicate that relationships between members of the original groups became stronger and more affiliative with time. Despite these positive indicators the association data revealed the continued existence of two distinct subgroups, a year after integration. Our data show that when given complex space and freedom to exhibit natural fission-fusion groupings, in which the chimpanzees choose whom they wish to associate and interact with, the building of strong affiliative relationships with unfamiliar individuals is a very gradual process.",
author = "Schel, {Anne Marijke} and Bruce Rawlings and Nicolas Claidi{\`e}re and Claudia Wilke and Jen Wathan and Jo Richardson and Sophie Pearson and Herrelko, {Elizabeth S} and Andrew Whiten and Katie Slocombe",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.",
year = "2013",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1002/ajp.22101",
language = "English",
volume = "75",
pages = "254--266",
journal = "AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY",
issn = "0275-2565",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "3",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Network analysis of social changes in a captive chimpanzee community following the successful integration of two adult groups

AU - Schel, Anne Marijke

AU - Rawlings, Bruce

AU - Claidière, Nicolas

AU - Wilke, Claudia

AU - Wathan, Jen

AU - Richardson, Jo

AU - Pearson, Sophie

AU - Herrelko, Elizabeth S

AU - Whiten, Andrew

AU - Slocombe, Katie

N1 - © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PY - 2013/3

Y1 - 2013/3

N2 - Chimpanzees are highly territorial and have the potential to be extremely aggressive toward unfamiliar individuals. In the wild, transfer between groups is almost exclusively completed by nulliparous females, yet in captivity there is often a need to introduce and integrate a range of individuals, including adult males. We describe the process of successfully integrating two groups of chimpanzees, each containing 11 individuals, in the Budongo Trail facility at the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland's Edinburgh Zoo. We use social network analysis to document changes in group dynamics within this population over the 16 months following integration. Aggression rates were low overall and members of the two original groups engaged in significantly fewer aggressive interactions over time. Association and grooming data indicate that relationships between members of the original groups became stronger and more affiliative with time. Despite these positive indicators the association data revealed the continued existence of two distinct subgroups, a year after integration. Our data show that when given complex space and freedom to exhibit natural fission-fusion groupings, in which the chimpanzees choose whom they wish to associate and interact with, the building of strong affiliative relationships with unfamiliar individuals is a very gradual process.

AB - Chimpanzees are highly territorial and have the potential to be extremely aggressive toward unfamiliar individuals. In the wild, transfer between groups is almost exclusively completed by nulliparous females, yet in captivity there is often a need to introduce and integrate a range of individuals, including adult males. We describe the process of successfully integrating two groups of chimpanzees, each containing 11 individuals, in the Budongo Trail facility at the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland's Edinburgh Zoo. We use social network analysis to document changes in group dynamics within this population over the 16 months following integration. Aggression rates were low overall and members of the two original groups engaged in significantly fewer aggressive interactions over time. Association and grooming data indicate that relationships between members of the original groups became stronger and more affiliative with time. Despite these positive indicators the association data revealed the continued existence of two distinct subgroups, a year after integration. Our data show that when given complex space and freedom to exhibit natural fission-fusion groupings, in which the chimpanzees choose whom they wish to associate and interact with, the building of strong affiliative relationships with unfamiliar individuals is a very gradual process.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872601155&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ajp.22101

DO - 10.1002/ajp.22101

M3 - Article

C2 - 23192644

VL - 75

SP - 254

EP - 266

JO - AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY

JF - AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY

SN - 0275-2565

IS - 3

ER -