New Insights into Leaf Physiological Responses to Ozone for Use in Crop Modelling

Stephanie Alice Osborne, Divya Pandey, Gina Mills, Felicity Hayes, Harry Harmens, David Gillies, Patrick Bueker, Lisa Dianne Emberson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Estimating food production under future air pollution and climate conditions in scenario analysis depends on accurately modelling ozone (O₃) effects on yield. This study tests several assumptions that form part of published approaches for modelling O₃ effects on photosynthesis and leaf duration against experimental data. In 2015 and 2016, two wheat cultivars were exposed in eight hemispherical glasshouses to O₃ ranging from 22 to 57 ppb (24 h mean), with profiles ranging from raised background to high peak treatments. The stomatal O₃ flux (Phytotoxic Ozone Dose, POD) to leaves was simulated using a multiplicative stomatal conductance model. Leaf senescence occurred earlier as average POD increased according to a linear relationship, and the two cultivars showed very different senescence responses. Negative effects of O₃ on photosynthesis were only observed alongside O₃-induced leaf senescence, suggesting that O₃ does not impair photosynthesis in un-senesced flag leaves at the realistic O₃ concentrations applied here. Accelerated senescence is therefore likely to be the dominant O₃ effect influencing yield in most agricultural environments. POD was better than 24 h mean concentration and AOT40 (accumulated O₃ exceeding 40 ppb, daylight hours) at predicting physiological response to O₃, and flux also accounted for the difference in exposure resulting from peak and high background treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number84
Number of pages30
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

Bibliographical note

© 2019 by the authors.


  • ozone; air pollution; wheat; photosynthesis; leaf senescence; crop modelling
  • Crop modeling
  • Air pollution
  • Ozone
  • Leaf senescence
  • Photosynthesis
  • Wheat

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