Observations of iodine oxide in the Indian Ocean marine boundary layer: A transect from the tropics to the high latitudes

Anoop S. Mahajan*, Liselotte Tinel, Shrivardhan Hulswar, Carlos A. Cuevas, Shanshan Wang, Sachin Ghude, Ravidas K. Naik, Rajani K. Mishra, P. Sabu, Amit Sarkar, N. Anilkumar, Alfonso Saiz Lopez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Observations of iodine oxide (IO) were made in the Indian Ocean and the Southern Ocean marine boundary layer (MBL) during the 8th Indian Southern Ocean Expedition. IO was observed almost ubiquitously in the open ocean with larger mixing ratios south of the Polar Front (PF). Contrary to previous reports, IO was not positively correlated to sea surface temperature (SST)/salinity, or negatively to chlorophyll a. Over the whole expedition, SST showed a weak negative correlation with respect to IO while chl a was positively correlated. North of the PF, chl a showed a strong positive correlation with IO. The computed HOI and I2 fluxes do not show any significant correlation with atmospheric IO. Simulations with the global CAM-Chem model show a reasonably good agreement with observations north of the PF but the model fails to reproduce the elevated IO south of the PF indicating that the current emission parametrizations are not sufficient to explain iodine chemistry in the Southern Indian Ocean.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100016
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalAtmospheric Environment: X
Early online date29 Jan 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Jan 2019

Bibliographical note

2019 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.


  • Halogens
  • Indian ocean
  • Iodine
  • Marine boundary layer
  • Ozone

Cite this