By the same authors

Of Stars, Soldiers, Mothers, and Mourning

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Published copy (DOI)



Publication details

Title of host publicationOver Here, Over There
DateSubmitted - 13 Jan 2017
DateAccepted/In press - 2019
DatePublished (current) - 1 Oct 2019
Number of pages24
PublisherUniversity of Illinois Press
Place of PublicationChampaign, IL
EditorsWilliam Brooks, Christina Bashford, Gayle Magee
Original languageEnglish
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-252-05156-2
ISBN (Print)978-0-252-04270-6, 978-0-252-08454-6

Publication series

NameMusic in American Life
PublisherUniversity of Illinois Press


The entry of the United States into World War I was accompanied by a flurry of new icons and symbols for engagement, support, and commitment to the war effort. One such symbol was the "service flag", a banner to be displayed by families of which a member or members was serving overseas. Initially a simple banner bearing a blue star or stars, this was modified when servicemen began to die; a gold star replaced the blue. With blue stars, gold stars, and services flags were associated a large number of songs issued as sheet music. The differing interactions of these with other pre-existing genres, with various segments of the publishing and entertainment industries, with women's organizations formed around "gold star mothers", and with shifting cultural values and concerns, from militance through service to memorialization, illuminate both the evolution of the war in the public consciousness and the workings of the music business in a time of great transformations.

    Research areas

  • World War I, Music, Sheet music, Memorialization, Mothers, Service flag, Popular music

Research outputs



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