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On the appearance of nitrite anion in [PdX(OAc)L-2] and [Pd(X)(C boolean AND N)L] syntheses (X = OAc or NO2): photocrystallographic identification of metastable Pd(eta(1)-ONO)(C boolean AND N)PPh3

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Publication details

JournalChemical Science
DatePublished - May 2012
Issue number5
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)1656-1661
Original languageEnglish


Pd-3(OAc)(5)NO2, an impurity in "Pd(OAc)(2)" {formally Pd-3(OAc)(6)}, emerges as a serious issue in the synthesis of pure Pd-II complexes derived from Pd(OAc)(2), for example in our C-H activation precatalyst, Pd(OAc)(2)(pip)(2) (pip piperidine). A previous proposal that nitrite anion can be formed by oxidation of CH3CN by metallic Pd and air, leading to cyclo(ortho)palladated complexes containing nitrite anion, e.g. Pd(NO2)(C boolean AND N) L (C boolean AND N = papaverine; L = CH3CN or DMSO) can be explained by Pd-3(OAc)(5)NO2 acting as the nitrite source. Finally, photocrystallographic metastable linkage isomerisation and complete conversion to an oxygen-bound nitrito complex Pd(eta(1)-ONO)(C boolean AND N)PPh3 has been observed.

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