By the same authors

“One of the baddies all along”: Moments that challenge a player’s perspective

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Publication details

Title of host publicationCHI PLAY 2019 - Proceedings of the Annual Symposium on Computer-Human Interaction in Play
DateAccepted/In press - 20 Aug 2019
DatePublished (current) - 17 Oct 2019
Number of pages12
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Original languageEnglish
ISBN (Electronic)9781450366885

Publication series

NameCHI PLAY 2019 - Proceedings of the Annual Symposium on Computer-Human Interaction in Play


Reflection has become a core interest for game designers. However, empirical research into the kinds and causes for reflection within games is scarce. We therefore conducted an online questionnaire where participants (n=101) openly reported perspective-challenging moments within games, their causes, experience, and impact. Where past work has emphasised transformative reflection that changes player’s views and behaviour outside the game, we found that players report predominantly moments of ‘endo’-transformative reflection, which is focused on players’ game-related behaviour and concepts. We further identify some causes of perspective-challenging moments relating to narrative, game systems, game-external sources, and player expectations. Narrative reveals emerge as a key cause of perspective challenge.

Bibliographical note

Copyright ©2019 is held by the owner/author(s). This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.

    Research areas

  • Appreciation, Meaningful games, Perspective challenge, Plot twists, Reflection, Reflective informatics


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